2019 Sailing Instructions

TYC Race Marks 2019 - click here

TYC Sailing Instructions Summary*

    1.    TYC races are run in accordance with the Racing Rules of Sailing 2017- 2020 as established by the International Sailing Federation with Sail Canada Prescriptions.

    2.    The race schedule includes races described in the TYC Schedule of Events.

    3.    The racing area is shown in the diagram titled Thornbury Yacht Club 2019 Racing Mark Locations.  West, Centre and East Marks are inflatable orange spheres. Fairway Mark is a DOT buoy outside the harbour entrance. Additional marks may be used.

    4.    Skippers meetings are generally held at 09:30 (unless stated otherwise) at or near the pavilion. All races start at 11:00 or up to 13:00 subject to the discretion of the race committee. To be announced at the skippers meeting.  Exceptions to the above are the Fun Race From the Islands, The Rhoda Ironside Long distance Race and day one of the Thornbury Yacht club Regatta.

    5.    A warning signal is made at 10:55 for an 11:00 start.

    6.    The racing fleet communicates via VHF radio to ensure that all racers have all relevant information.  The safety of all racers is paramount.

    7.    Time limits are in effect for all races to ensure everyone gets home safely and planned social activities proceed on schedule.

    8.     The annual TYC Regatta is a 2 day series of 3 races.  Aggregate scoring for all 3 races is used to determine an overall winner.

    9.    The Mighty Mary Race has 2 divisions within one race.  Division 1 is for all female crewed and skippered boats. This group will be competing for the  Mighty Mary Trophy.  Division 2 is for mixed crews.  Boats in division 2  are skippered by a female.  The remainder of the crew may be of either sex. Male crew members may not touch the helm.  Division 2 will be competing for the Betty Bowl Trophy. The Mighty Mary/Betty Bowl counts towards season championships.

    10.    The John Zsolt Single Handed Race was a new event in 2011. Competitors from Meaford are invited to take part. Skippers must wear a PFD. It is highly recommended that each skipper wear a safety harness and be attached to their boat at all times. This race will not count for points toward club championships.

    11.    Race results are calculated after each race and announced at a post-race gathering. Position flags are awarded to the first 3 corrected time finishers.

    12.    Trophies for specific races are awarded at the annual Fall Awards Banquet.

* The above summary is intended as a general introduction.  Refer to the detailed Sailing Instructions which shall take precedence in all matters pertaining to race participation, organization, management, and scoring.

Racing Marks are available by going to the documents page of this site.



 1.1  Races will be governed by The Racing Rules of Sailing (RRS) of the  International Sailing Federation (ISAF), including Sail Canada prescriptions 2017-2020 and these sailing instructions.
   2.1 The notice of race will be posted in the TYC notice boards on the north and west sides of the marina and will be available all season. 

    3.1 Any change to the sailing instructions will be communicated at the race skippers’ meetings prior to the race. A copy of the modified Sailing  Instructions will be distributed to all racers and posted on the TYC notice board at the Harbour.
       4.1 The Race committee will communicate with the racing fleet using VHF  radio channel 09 as required, at the discretion of the Race Committee. Hailing the racing fleet will be done on channel 09 with instructions for competitors to switch to a channel prescribed by the race committee.
    4.2    All transmissions between the race committee and competitors will be  accomplished at one-watt transmission levels



    5.1  The TYC race championship series will include 10 races identified with an asterisk in the schedule of races 2019. Participants may drop 2 races in the point standings.
    5.2   Make-up days may be used if races are not completed as scheduled or if the race committee considers it unlikely that races will be completed as scheduled


Rescheduling of abandoned races may be tabled for discussion at subsequent skippers meetings and/or via e-mail to registered racers. Make-up races may be scheduled to be run as a second or subsequent race on any scheduled race day provided the rescheduled subsequent race can be started no later than 1300hrs. Racers should be prepared to start that subsequent race.

The race committee will make every effort to gain a consensus among racers with respect to the rescheduling of an abandoned race. The race committee will make the final decision on whether to start that race.

    5.3 Skippers’ meetings will take place in or at the Pavilion. Meetings will start at 09:30hrs on the day of the race unless otherwise posted.  A warning will be signaled at 10:55 hrs and the race will start at 11:00hrs unless otherwise directed at the skippers meeting by the race committee. 
    5.4   All boats are expected to have a valid PHRF-LO certificate. If a boat does not have a valid certificate the race committee will assign a provisional ASP and Time-on- Time correction factor for that race. To avoid delaying results, competitors without PHRF certificates or provisional handicaps are requested to request a  provisional handicap from the Club Handicapper before race day.  We rely on and use PHRF’s information to enable boats of different sizes to compete on a level playing field.  The certificates issued are PHRF’s only source of revenue.     
    5.5   Reciprocal agreements with Collingwood Yacht Club and Reef Boat Club allow CYC  & RBC boats to enter TYC races. (see note 13.3 re Guest boats)

    6.1 Class flag will be the TYC burgee. TYC will run flying sail and non-flying sail classes provided there are a minimum 3 boats in each class.
   6.2     Skippers must elect to sail in either flying sails or non-flying sails prior to the race. Boats registered at the skippers meeting will be classed as non-flying sails unless the registering skipper specifically elects flying sails.
  6.3 The warning for the first division will be signaled by the hoisting of the Thornbury Yacht Club burgee.
6.4 The warning for the second division when required, will be code flag W.
6.5 The warning for the third division, when required, will be numerical pennant #3
6.6 The warning for the fourth division, when required, will be numerical pennant #4    etc.

   Attachment A shows the location of the racing area.  

    8.1  The diagrams in Attachment A show the locations of fixed race marks, including the approximate bearings between the marks and the leg lengths between marks.
    8.2 The courses will be communicated to the race skippers at the pre-race skipper’s meeting or on the water via VHF radio.
    8.3 Generally the courses will be selected from the West, Centre, East and Fairway marks and may be triangular, windward/leeward or a combination. For longer distance races the race committee may include other navigation marks or an inflatable tetrahedron to set a fair course for that particular race.
    8.4 If a course change becomes necessary after the skippers meeting the race committee will communicate the changes to all racers using the VHF radio on the prescribed channel.  

    9.1   The fixed race marks will be inflatable orange spherical buoys approximately 3 feet in diameter. The moveable mark will be an inflatable orange tetrahedron. The   Fairway mark at the mouth of the Thornbury Harbour lead-in may also be used as a turning mark or a start/finish mark as deemed necessary by the race committee.
    9.2 Fixed marks will be known as West, Centre, East and Fairway marks. The movable tetrahedron will be known as the “tetrahedron mark”.
    10.1 Generally morning races will be started at 11:00hrs with the first warning signal at 10:55 hrs GPS time. Afternoon races will be started at 14:00hrs with the first warning signal at 13:55hrs GPS time. 
    10.2 Races will be started using a 5-minute start sequence. The following signals will be made:
  Signal Visual signal and sound  Minutes before the start
  Warning TYC Flag + 1 sound    5
  Preparatory flag + 1 sound   4
  One Minute Preparatory flag removed + 1 long sound 1
  Start  TYC flag removed + 1 sound   0
 10.3 The warning for subsequent starts may coincide with the previous start signal or follow it by a time interval of 10 minutes at the discretion of the race committee.   
 10.4 The starting line will be described to the race skippers at the pre-race skippers meeting. The Fairway mark may form part of the starting line. The other end of the starting line may be bounded either by a race committee boat, a tetrahedron mark, or a designated land mark. The race committee may decide to establish an alternate start line if prevailing weather conditions dictate.
    10.5 An alternate self-start may be used at the discretion of the race committee. The self start will be administered from one of the participant boats in the race.
    10.6 If self-start is designated it will occur at 11:00/14:00 GPS time unless a delay is necessary.  On a self-start, there will not be any sound signals and competitors will be asked to record their own finish times.
    10.7 Sound signals may be simultaneously broadcast by VHF radio over the designated communication channel.
    10.8 Timing for all races will be local GPS time.
    10.9 There will be no penalty for boats starting the race late. Boats may start at any time after the start signal.
    10.10 The around the end rule (RRS 30.1) will apply to all TYC races, whether or not the Race Committee flies flag code India.
    11.1 The finishing line will generally be between the Fairway mark and the Committee boat. However, due to prevailing circumstances, the finishing line may be struck between the Fairway mark and a mark on shore, at another mark of the course, at a finishing mark set by the race committee or any series of landmarks or navigation buoys as deemed necessary by the Race Committee.
    11.2 If the race is sailed under self-start racers are responsible for recording their own finish times.
    11.3 Finish times will be recorded as local GPS time.
    11.4 Finish times will be reported to the race organizer for results calculation at each racers earliest opportunity

    12.1  Generally a time limit of 4 hours will be in effect for all TYC races.
 12.1.1   The first race in the TYC Regatta will have a time limit of 3 hours. The second race on day 1 of TYC Regatta will have a time limit of 3 hours. day 2 of the TYC Regatta is a long distance race. It will have a time limit of 5 hours.

    12.1.2   The Rhoda Ironside Long distance Race will have a 5-hour time limit.

    12.2 The race committee reserves the right to change these limits in the interests of    safety, fair racing or general satisfaction of the TYC racing fleet
    12.3 Boats failing to finish within time limits will be scored as “Did Not Finish”.

    13.1 Boats will be scored using PHRF-LO ASP and Time-on-Time correction factors
    13.2 After applying the appropriate handicap, the Low Point Scoring system, with the first place finisher receiving 1 point, will apply with the following modifications to the Appendix A4 of the RRS;
 DNF = DID NOT FINISH   -number of boats started +1
 RET = RETIRED   -number of boats started +1
 DNS = DID NOT START   - number of boats started +2
 DNC = DID NOT COMPETE  -number of boats started + 2
 DSQ = DISQUALIFIED  -number of boats started + 2
13.3 Guest boats entered in TYC races will be scored as per their corrected times within the TYC fleet. Place flags will be awarded to guest boats as placed. However, TYC placings will exclude guest boats. Points for season standings will be awarded to TYC boats excluding any guest placings.  

    14.1  Skippers will register their boats for the race at the pre-race skippers meeting.
    14.2 A boat that retires from a race shall notify the race committee as soon as possible.
    14.3 Every boat shall carry at least the minimum safety equipment as described in the  Canadian Coast Guard’s Safe Boating Guide. The appropriate equipment shall be on board, in working order, and ready to use at all times.
    14.4   On downwind starts, spinnakers shall not be hoisted before clearing the starting line.
    14.5  Competitors in the John Zsolt Single Handed Race must wear a PFD. It is strongly recommended that skippers wear a safety harness and be attached to their boat at all times. Wearing a safety harness is left to the discretion of individual skippers.


15.1 The use of an Autohelm/Autopilot is permitted during any TYC race.
15.2  The use of power winches is permitted during any TYC race.
    15.3 The Mighty Mary race will be the only race with a restriction on regular crews.  The Mighty Mary Race will have 2 divisions within one race.  Division 1 will be for boats skippered and crewed by all females.  Only all-female boats will be eligible to compete for the Mighty Mary Trophy.  Division 2 is for mixed crews.  The helmsperson in division 2 must be female.  The remainder of the crew may be either male or female at the skippers' discretion, these boats will be eligible to compete for the Betty Bowl Trophy. 
         Male crew members may not take the helm starting from 4  minutes prior to the starting signal until the boat crosses the finish line.
       In an emergency, a male member may take the helm temporarily. That boat will retire or may proceed only after taking an on-water penalty by accomplishing 2  full turns to include 2 tacks and 2 gybes.
     16.1 The race committee will communicate with the racing fleet via VHF radio     Channel 09 Communication between boats while on the race course and to the race committee will be via VHF radio Channel 09 unless agreed otherwise at the pre-race meeting.
     16.2   Except in an emergency, competitors shall not communicate with other competitors via cell phone or VHF channels not likely to be monitored by all competitors.
     16.3  In the event that excessive radio traffic necessitates an alternative channel, the    Race Committee will advise competitors of the alternate channel to be used.     Competitors shall acknowledge the change before switching to the new channel.
     16.4  Transmissions between the Race Committee and competitors shall be made at a    transmission power level appropriate for the distance between vessels.

  Position flags will be awarded to 1st, 2nd and 3rd place finishers for single races.  The exception will be the Annual Thornbury Regatta.  The overall placers for the series of races constituting the TYC Regatta will be awarded place flags. Winners of races designated as cup races will be awarded the sponsored trophy at the end of season banquet.

  Competitors participate in the regatta entirely at their own risk. See rule 4,  Decision to Race. The organizing authority will not accept any liability for material damage, personal injury or death sustained in conjunction with or prior to, during, or after Thornbury Yacht Club races.

  All boats competing in TYC races will carry minimum $2,000,000 Cdn Third party liability insurance.

  All owners and skippers must complete, execute and return the TYC Racing Waiver form to James Palmer, Rear Commodore Racing TYC prior to their first race,